Anglo-Saxon Cemetery with about 140 graves on the site of HS2.


Archaeologists working on an HS2 site have discovered a burial site containing about 140 graves, including a skeleton in which a weapon is still embedded.

There were 138 graves at the site in Wendover, Buckinghamshire, with 141 regular burials and five final rites, making it one of the largest Anglo-Saxon burials ever in Britain.

A skeleton, believed to be male, was found in his spine with a sharp iron object, which experts believe could have caused or caused his death.

At the time of death, the man was said to be between the ages of 17 and 24 and was examined by an osteologist who believed he had been stabbed in the front before being implanted in his spinal cord.

5th and 6th century items were recovered, including 89 brooches, more than 2000 amber pearls, 51 knives, 40 boxes, 15 spears, and various metals and raw materials used for making antiques.

A close-up view of an iron spear discovered while working on the HS2 in Buckinghamshire

/ Getty Images

The findings were filmed for historian Dan Snow’s streaming service History Hit.

Speaking on his podcast, the presenter said: “By studying the glass, jewelry, weapons and even their bodies that our forefathers left behind, we have a dynamic history of our history. Can create a complete picture of important times.

“This amazing set of discoveries on the HS2 route can tell us more about how our predecessors survived, fought and eventually died.

“It’s one of the best and most revealing post-Roman sites in the country and was thrilled to join the team as they unveiled their amazing discoveries.”

A team of approximately 30 field archaeologists from INFRA JV, working on behalf of HS2’s enabling works contractor, Fusion JV, completed fieldwork at the site in 2021, along with New Polytechnic, Bronze. Evidence of Iron Age and Roman activity was also found.

Notably, a pair of small square-headed brooches were excavated, a small form of the great square-headed brooch, such as the famous Chassell Down brooch on display at the British Museum.

Archaeologists are rebuilding the skeleton of a man between the ages of 17 and 25.

/ Getty Images

Two glass cone bakers were also found that were used to drink liquids such as alcohol, suggesting that the buried may have access to excellent beverages from abroad.

The baker’s glass has decorative trails that compare to the “Campston” type cone baker, which appeared in Bedfordshire in 1891, is now on display at the British Museum.

A woman’s body was buried with a wide array of high-quality items, such as a full decorative glass cup made of light green glass, multiple rings made of copper alloy, and a silver “zoomorphic” ring. , Brooches, discs, iron belt fittings and ivory accessories

Numerous items used for grooming have also been found, including earwax remover toiletries and toothpicks, tweezers, combs and even a cosmetic tube that may contain eyeliner or similar. Is used as

Archaeologist Mike Court of HS2 Ltd. said: “As we approach the end of our archeological work on Phase One of HS2, we are at the very beginning of our understanding that the discoveries about the UK How to improve historical knowledge.

“The archeological finds at this site in Wendover will not only be of interest to the local community but also of national significance, providing a valuable insight into life in Anglo-Saxon Britain.”

Dr Rachel Wood, an archaeologist at Fusion JV, said: “This site is very important for our understanding of the history and archeology of Anglo-Saxon Britain.

“It’s not the kind of site I would ever expect to meet – it would be amazing to meet one of them, so it’s incredible to find so many.”

The findings will be featured in a June 16 issue of Dean Snow’s History Hit.

An evaluation and analysis program will be conducted at the site over the next few years in an effort to gain more insight into the stories of those buried at the site.