Cimbra crime organized contrabando de migrants

Desde la calle, la pequeña casa marrón no tenía nada especial pero era agradable. An autobus escolar de juguete of bright yellow color and a red truck hung from the wire fence, and the facade of the house presented a large solitary star of Texas. Pero en el patio trasero había una casa móvil destrozada que un fiscal describió más tarde como una “casa de los horrores”.

It was discovered one day in 2014, when a man called from Maryland to inform that his stepfather, Moisés Ferrera, a migrant from Honduras, was detained and tortured by contrabandistas who had been there.

Sus captores querian más dinero, dijo el hijastro, y golpeaban repetidamente las manos de Ferrera con un martillo, prometiendo continuar hasta que su familia les enviaran les que pedían.

When the federal agents and the sheriff’s assistants arrived at the house, they discovered that Ferrara was not the only victim. Los contrabandistas had retained hundreds of migrants in exchange for rescue. Según descubrió su investigación, habien mutilado partes de cuerpos y violatedo a mujeres.

“Lo que sucedió alli es de ciencia ficción, una película de terror, y algo que simplymente no vemos en Estados Unidos”, said the prosecutor, Matthew Watters, to a jury when the accused contrabandistas were at trial.

Los carteles del creamn organized, dijo, habian “traído este terror del otro lado de la frontera”.

Pero si fue uno de los primeros casos de este tipo, no fue el ultimo. Migrant smuggling in the southern border of the EU has evolved in the last 10 years.

De una red dispersa de “coyotes” independientes pasó a ser un negocio internacional multimillionario controlled by organized crime, including some of the most violent drug cartels in México.

The death of 53 migrants in San Antonio last month, who were found in the back of a suffocating trailer without air conditioning, occurred when the EU’s border restrictions were tightened, exacerbated by the pandemic. de la vida. .

That policy has encouraged more migrants to resort to contrabandistas.

If migrants have faced kidnappings and extortions in Mexican border cities for a long time, these events have increased in the United States, according to the federal authorities.

More than 5,000,000 individuals were arrested and charged with human trafficking last year, compared to 2,000,000 in 2014.

En 2021, los agentes federales allanaron las casas de escondite that housed dozens of migrants almost a day.

Title 42, the public health order introduced by the Trump Administration at the beginning of the Corona pandemic, authorized the immediate expulsion of people who cross the border illegally, which allowed migrants to leave the pandemic. decorona.

This has led to a substantial increase in the number of encounters with migrants on the border (1.7 million in fiscal year 2021) and good business for contrabandistas.

In March, agents near El Paso, Texas, rescued 34 undocumented people from two unventilated cargo containers in a single day. Al mes siguiente, 24 personas fueron encontradas en un escondite.

The agents of the order have recently been involved in so many high-speed persecutions of contrabandistas in Uvalde, Texas (there have been almost 50 “rescues” of this type in the city between February and May) than in the dim lagoons. enmarios en mario una orden de cierre durante el tiroteo masivo en Mayo en la Primaria Robb porque se habian ordenado tantos cuando los contrabandistas corrían por las streets.

Teófilo Valencia, whose sons of 17 and 19 years perished in the tragedy of San Antonio, said that he had asked for a loan to pay the smugglers 10 thousand dollars for the transportation of each son.

Las tarifas usually oscilar entre los 4 mil dolars, para los migrants que vienen de América Latina, y los 20 mil dolars, si deben ser trasladados desde África, Europa del Este o Asia, segurada Corada, segreada, segurada, segurada, segurada, segreada , europa del Este o Asia George Mason.

Durante años, los independiente coyotes pagaron a los carteles un impuesto para mover a los migrantse través del territorio que controlaban a lo largo de la frontera, y los sindicatos pegaron a su línea de negocio, tragaso, trabando very rentable. .

Eso camenzó a cambiar alrededor de 2019, dijo al Congreso last year Patrick Lechleitner, subdirector interino del Servicio de Immigración y Control de Aduanas de EU. The large amount of people who are looking to cross made the contrabando de migrants fuera una fuente de dinero irresistible for some cartels.

The companies have equipment that specializes in logistics, transportation, surveillance, concealment and accounting, all of which support an industry whose revenue has exploded to an estimated 13 billion million dollars, and 50,201 million dollars in estimates. en 500. Seguridad Nacional

Los migrants are transported in airplanes, busses and specific vehicles. In some border regions, such as the Mexican state of Tamaulipas, smugglers place color-coded bands on migrants’ wrists to indicate which services they have and which services they have.

“Están organizando la mercadería de maneras que nunca podrías imaginar hace cinco o diez años”, aseveró Correa-Cabrera.