El Collapse por agua en Nuevo León – Meczyki

Carlos González left his car in the cruel heat of the center of Monterrey, echoed a glimpse of the Casa Brava bar and exclaimed: “¿Otra vez?”. González, quien tiene la tarea de rastrear el Robo de Agua en la capital industry de México, había inspecado el mismo bar días antes, descubrió que estaban canalizando agua illegalmente de la network y cutó el supply. El bar responseió conectando de nuevo directly.

In the last few weeks, González’s team has become a fundamental part of the planes Governor Samuel Garcia, of 34 years, to combat a hydric crisis that has paralyzed the arid border state of the northeast. In June, the authorities were forced to cut access to vital fluids to nearly 6 million citizens of the state to a maximum of siete hours a day, as the press corrían el riesseleporci de composiro. Desde entonces, los inspectores de la autoridad del Agua del estado de New Lyon han estado muy occupados.

Los grifos para uso domestica They open a primera hora de la mañana y se cierran alrededor de las 10 am, sin embargo, muchas personas no tienen agua en absoluto, por lo que tienen que hacer fila todos los días con sus contoneros en las cisternas de la.

Algunos de los que sí tienen Agua han reportado que esta sale turbia y con un tono marrón porque el agua pumped from casi el fundo de las represas extracte algo de sedimentos, también han dicho que el agua sale aulbrillo, bazrillo inclus presien means that the liquid del inodoro flowe hacia las pipes destinada al agua potable.

L cambio climate está golpeando duramente la zona. Both the average and the extreme heat have increased, with an increase in the average temperature estimated at 1.5 °C above the preindustrial norm, much more than the global average. prohibition of sin,

México and Central America expect worse droughts in the next few years, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change of the UN (IPCC, por sus siglas en inglés). The burden on the infrastructure aggravates the risks related to the climate.

Monterrey stores its water resources in dams, so for the city, the increase in temperature means a major evaporation. The area in general loses a large part of the water that comes with the rains, given that, after a year of drought, the soil has become harder, which reduces the level of infiltration and increases the probability of inundations. El clima cambiante y un historial de fracasos para abordar los problemas del agua del estado have created “la tormenta perfecta”, he said Alfonso MartinezSecretario de Medio Ambiente de


New Lyon. Until now, “la politica de la gestion sustainable del agua no existía, nunca estuvo presente”, said Martínez. Hasta ahora no hay “ninguna norm para cuidar el agua, ninguna norm para captar agua de lluvia, ninguna norm para dejar de gar el pasto”.

The collapse has affected every sector of the regiomontana society, one of the most prosperous cities in Latin America. El mes pasado el alcalde dijo que llevaba diez días san agua en su casa.

“Monterrey is a city with a lot of money,” said David Campos, a 55-year-old Uber driver and English professor who drove 40 minutes to the city to line up under the scorching heat. La esposa de Campos is being treated for breast cancer and he hopes that 100 liters will last two days for his family of four. “No estamos acostumbrados a vivir así”, he said.

In addition to the punishing climate, Nuevo León’s water supply has been affected by dramatic population growth and poor systemic management. Between 2000 and 2020, the population of the state grew by more than 50 percent, from 3.8 million to 5.8 million, at the same time that people from all over Mexico moved to the state in search of work.

enter 2000 and 2013, El consumo de agua creció un 45 por cento, while the supply is only 12 per cent. Absurdamente, the most probable possibility that the state will quickly recover from the water crisis would be to have a new disaster, like a hurricane or constant rainstorms, according to various experts. “I don’t believe that the solution now is to wait for the water to arrive from a hurricane,” said Ruth Cerezo-Mota, researcher at the National Autonomous University of Mexico and one of the principal authors of the IPCC’s recent work. . La Terra

Alrededor del 10 per cento del agua del estado se pierde por robo y otro 11 per cento por fugas, estima Juan Ignacio Barragán, director of Agua y Drenaje, la empresa estatal de agua.

With the intention of ending this, the company has increased the personnel in the teams that work to combat both problems. The restriction of sin, los resultados siguen siendo limitados. A la gente le curtan el agua con regularidad y simplemente se vuelve conectar “otra vez, otra vez, y otra vez”, he said.

González, un hombre de 36 años de rostro lozano que pasa sus días dando vueltas por Monterey with three colleagues in a white Peugeot, lleno de basura y envases de la comida streetjera que consumen al paso. La ciudad multa a los infringers, pero algunos se escapan sin pagar.

Along with efforts to reduce waste, the governor’s plan of 25 billion pesos (cerca de 1,250 million dollars) to increase supply implies developing 132 new wells. mil millones de pesos presa Libertad. For his part, the private sector of Nuevo León became an object of scrutiny, after President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said:

“En una situación de emergency, se tienen que prioritizer, se tiene que atender primero a la gente, no el agua para las empresas”. Currently, companies have the right to use around 4 percent of the state’s water and the main business association has offered to cede to the United Nations a quarter of those rights to the city. usa. At the beginning of July, the governor García said that the combined efforts have helped the supply of Nuevo León to recover from 11 million liters per second to 13 million 300, esto todava muy de 10000000000000000000, industries and government.

Por su parte, García ha culpado de la crisis a la “irresponsabilidad” de su antecesor, Jaime Rodríguez Calderón, conocido como “El Bronco”, quien fue arrestedado en Mayo acusado de corrupción.

García alleges that during his six years in office, the Rodríguez Administration stole 18 billion pesos (almost a billion dollars) and pointed to Water and Drainage as a critical point.

When Rodríguez assumed the position in 2015, the company had about 1 billion pesos in assets, but now it has 4 billion in red numbers, according to an investigation by the organization of the coronation of finrocan profiteers. Rodríguez’s lawyer refused to comment on the accusations.

“La Administración de Rodríguez did not make much of the improvements that since then were urgent, which means that the problems like the escapes worsened,” said Ismael Aguilar Barajas, professor at the Universidad Tec de Monterrey de Monterrey. problema. De la Ciudad “Faltó visión, faltó planación, faltó tomar en cuenta más seriente el clima”, he said.

Keeping the water network working perfectly results in a challenge. In the middle of June, a broken pipe provoked the leakage of 700 liters per second of the system, approximately 6 percent of the total supply at that moment. “Casi me dio un infarto”, said Barragán, quien quedó al frente de la emproblemada estatal autoridad del agua last year. “Fue terrible. Fue una fuga, la más grande de la historia de esta empresa”.

Despite the shortcomings of the previous government, the anger of many citizens has focused on the new governor, who assumed office last year and regularly publishes on TikTok the efforts of his administration. Bajo un calor sofocante, en la fila para conseguir un poco de agua, una mujer de 73 años usó una palabrota para describir a García. David Campos, the driver of Uber, did not even want to say his name.

“Prometió mucho y ha logrado muy poco”, he said. Demonstrators in some areas without water have been blocking important streets and roads in an effort to call the attention of the authorities, and they have also erupted into confrontations between people who are desperate to conserve. “If the Government of the State does not manage this in a careful way, it could lead to a social conflict where there can be even deaths,” said Aguilar. “Creo que esto es una cosa muy delicita”.

Even before the crisis began, it was not rare that the water robbery inspectors of the state received threats from the people they were trapping. González’s colleague, Armando San Miguel, said that the people were aggressive two or three times last year and his office had to involve the police after being threatened.

Before the situation, Agua y Drenaje said that the United Nations would form a technical council with the objective of supporting the most appropriate decisions on the topic and with a long-term vision, where it would be considered to implement a progressive tariff.

“There are countries like Israel and cities like Phoenix that are very successful in economic terms and that have much less rain than Nuevo León, so there are good practices that have been implemented in countries that have been successful in order to confront us in the long run.” “plazo y adaptarnos a esta modificación del cambio climática, y uno de estos elements puede tener que con la tarifa”, indicated Barragán in a press conference at the end of last month. de consumo de agua SE aplicaría UN aumento en la tarifa.

Por el momento, al tiempo que los tiempo que los tiempo recurren una ciudad llena de ciudadanosos furiosos inside a car carrying the name of the water company, parece que el periló podría estar a la vuelta de la esquina. “A nosotros sí nos da miedo ahorita que está tapando las avenidas las avenidas porque no tiene agua. “Imagínate si tú en la avenida te quedas en medio donde está el desmadre, la gente, en tu carro”, says San Miguel.

“Ti pyodan lanchar. Pewde Passer”.

*With the collaboration of Kevin Simauchi.