Enfrenta España el peor brote de viruela símica de Europe

Barcelona.- Roc, un trabajador sexual y actor de películas para adultos, se sintió aliviado cuando fue uno de los primeros españoles que recébío la vacuna contra la ruela simica. Estaba al tanto de varios casos de contagios entre hombres que mantenien relaciones sexuales con otros hombres—la main form of transmission—y pensaba que él podía ser el proximo.

“Llegué a casa y pensé, ‘Dios mío, me salvé'”, declared this 29-year-old man to the Associated Press.

sin embargo, the vaccine arrived too late. Roc, que usa ese nombre en su trabajo, había sido infectedado por un cliente algunos días antes. It was added to the list of contagiodos in the European country with the worst outbreak of smallpox, the most widespread in Africa and which has started to spread in other parts of the world.

Comenzó a tener symptoms: pústulas, fever, conjunctivitis y fatiga. Estuvo incluso hospitalizado, pero ya fue dado de alta.

Las autoridades sanitarias y grupos comunitarios se anan por contener un brote que ya causó la muerte a dos jóvenes. Se dice que fallecieron de encephalitis, como se denomina a una inflammation del cerebro que puede Responde a algunos virus. The majority of smallpox infections, however, have mild symptoms.

Spain has 4,577 confirmed cases since the beginning of the outbreak three months ago. Experts believe that outbreaks are the product of two parties in Europe in which there were sexual contacts.

The only country with more infections than Spain is the United States, a much larger nation, with 7,100 infections.

In total, more than 26 thousand cases have been registered in almost 90 countries since May. It is believed that there have been 103 deaths in Africa, sobre todo in Nigeria and the Congo, where there is a variant of the virus more lethal than the one in the West.

Experts from the field of health say that this is not a disease that propagates exclusively through sexual contacts, although it has mainly affected gays and bisexual men who have been infected by this route. This community represents 98% of infections registered outside of Africa.

Any person who maintains close physical contact with an infected person, his clothes or his sheets can be contagious.

Part of the challenge ahead is combating the virus without stigmatizing men who maintain relationships with other men, making sure that the most affected sectors receive vaccines and adequate information.

Spain has distributed 5 million doses of the vaccine, which requires two doses to function, and expects another 7 million from the European Union in the next few days, according to the Ministry of Health.

Different organizations work to guarantee that vaccines are distributed among gays, bisexuals and transgender women.

In Barcelona, ​​BCN Checkpoint, a group that works on the prevention of AIDS and HIV in gay and trans communities, is contacting people at risk and ofreciéndoles one of the precious vaccines.

Pep Coll, the medical director of BCN Checkpoint, said that it gives priority to people who are at risk of contracting HIV and are receiving preventive treatments, men who maintain relationships with many people and those who have “relations” (sex and drug use). , as well as in persons with null or weak immune responses.

Hay mucha más gente que encaja en esas categories.

“Si hablamos de las personas que están haciendo la PrEP (contra el VIH), más las personas con VIH, estamos hablando de más de 15 mil personas” tan solo en Barcelona, ​​​​affirmó Coll.

The shortage of vaccines increases the importance of preventive health policies, according to experts.

Igual que ocurrió with the pandemic of the corona virus, the tracking of contacts to identify a person who could be infected is vital. But unlike Covid-19, which transmits to anyone through the air, the fact that monkeypox transmits through sexual contacts makes many people reluctant to share information.

“Estamos teneido un goteo de casos en crescendo y possiblemente tengamos algun otro deceased. ¿Por que? Porque el rastreo de los contacts de casos es muy complicado y por los sensibilidad que tienen los afectados, a quienes les cuestas decir quien ha sido su pareja sexual”, expresó Amóside de Garcíae de Escuelaopa, Aspresó Amóside Garcíaología la escuología .

Spain says that the majority of infections involve men who have had sexual relations with other men and only 5% are women. Pero García dijo que eso puede cambiar y abarcar a toda la población, sin importar su gender u sexual orientation, si no se toma conciencia de que mantener relaciones con varias personas aumenta los riesgos.

“It’s the same thing that happened with SIDA and HIV. There’s a moment when the number of people affected are men who have relationships with men, and that’s why we’re not aware of the path we’re going to take with this disease.” el mensaje rigorouso garócíaanes a la”.

Ante la escasez de vacunas y los problemas con los rastreos, se pone más énfasis en la prevention.

From the first moment, the government supported community groups.

Sebastián Meyer, President of the group STOP SIDA, which assists the LGBTQ community in Barcelona, ​​said that it was logical that his organization and others like it were elected to transmit the message about prevention.

Si bien los medios han sido bombardedados con información, Meyer says que todava queda mucho por hacer. Los médicos recomendan a los contagiados isilarse hasta que estén totally recuperados, lo que puede tomar hasta tres semanas. Y Meyer sostuvo que la gente está tired de cuidarse tras la pandemia del Covid-19

“Cuando la gente lee que hay que aislarse, cierra la página y se olvida de lo que ha leído”, manifesto Mayor. “Venimos del Covid y otra vez tienes que quedarte aislado tres o cuatro semanas. La gente odia eso y mete la cabeza en la Arena”.

Meyer said that his organization is looking for ways to improve its message.

Expresó que la respuesta no es esperar la vacuna, sino “tener más cuidado”. Eso es mucho mejor que la vaccine”.