Indiana has become the first state in the US to pass a new law restricting access to abortion since the Supreme Court overturned Roe v Wade.
That ban, which is effective September 12, includes a few exceptions. Abortion will be allowed in cases of rape and incest before 10 weeks of fertilization; to protect the life and physical health of the mother; And if a fetus is diagnosed with a malignant anomaly.
As previously proposed in the Senate, victims of rape and incest would not be required to sign a notarized affidavit confirming the assault.
Under the bill, abortions can only be performed in hospitals or outpatient centers owned by hospitals, meaning all abortion clinics will lose their licenses. A doctor who performs an illegal abortion or fails to file the required report must also lose his or her medical license—words that tighten current Indiana law that says a doctor “might” lose his license. .
“I am personally most proud of each Hoosier who came forward to boldly share their views in a debate that is unlikely to end any time soon,” Governor Eric Holcomb said in the statement. announced that he had signed the measure.
“For my part as your governor, I will continue to keep an open ear.”
His approval came after the Indiana Senate approved the ban 28-19 and members of the House extended it to 62-38.
Indiana was one of Republican-run state legislatures to debate stricter abortion laws after a Supreme Court ruling in June that removed constitutional protections for the procedure. But it is the first state to pass the ban through both chambers, after West Virginia lawmakers gave that state a chance on July 29.
Senate President Pro-Tem Roderick Bray told reporters after the vote: “I’m delighted to have accomplished this, one of the more challenging things we’ve ever done as a State General Assembly, at least certainly While I’ve been here.”
“I think it’s a huge opportunity, and as we move forward from here, we’ll take it.”
Some senators from both parties lamented the impact the bill’s provisions had on the state, including low-income women and the health care system. Eight Republicans joined all 11 Democrats in voting against the bill, although their reasons for failing the measure were mixed.
“We’re taking a backseat on democracy,” said Democratic Senator Jean Breaux of Indianapolis, who wore a green ribbon on her lapel Friday indicating support for abortion rights.
“And what liberties, what other liberties are on the chopping block waiting to be taken away?”
Republican Senator Mike Bohasek of Michiana Shores talks about his 21-year-old daughter who has Down syndrome. Mr Bohasek voted against the bill, saying it does not have enough protections for women with disabilities who are raped.
“If she lost her favorite stuffed animal, she would be inconsolable. Imagine carrying a child to carry on,” she said, before choking, then throwing her notes on her seat and chamfering exited.
Republican Senator Mike Young of Indianapolis, however, said the bill’s enforcement provisions against doctors are not stringent enough.
Such debates demonstrated their division of Indiana residents on the issue, which is demonstrated in the hours of testimony heard by lawmakers over the past two weeks.
Residents on all sides of the issue, rarely, supported the law, as abortion-rights supporters said the bill goes too far while anti-abortion activists expressed that it doesn’t go far enough.
The debate comes amid an evolving landscape of abortion politics across the country as Republicans face some party divisions and Democrats push for a potential election-year run.