Lucha contra el sida está en crucijada por el Covid

The hard-won progress in the fight against HIV has stagnated, putting the lives of millions of people at risk, according to an alarming report spread on Wednesday on how the pandemic of Covid-19 and the pandemic of Covid-19 and other countries around the world crisis

At the global level, the downward trend in new infections registered during the years is stagnating. What’s worse, the cases began to increase in parts of Asia and the Pacific, where before they had been descending, according to the agency of the United Nations that heads the global fight against AIDS.

The number of people on treatment against HIV that have saved their lives increased more slowly last year than it did in the last decade. Inequalities are widening. Last year, every two minutes a teenager or young woman was infected, and in sub-Saharan Africa they are three times more likely to contract HIV than boys and men of the same age. Y 650 thousand people died last year from diseases related to AIDS, halló el informe.

“Es una alarma para el mundo decir que el Covid-19 descarriló en forma significanta la response contra el sida”, said Matthew Kavanagh, Deputy Executive Director of UNUSA.

The UN set the goal of registering less than 370 million HIV infections by 2025. The last year was approximately 1.5 million, which means that a radical change will be necessary. Sin restriction, las países de ingresos bajos y medios están 8 mil milliones de dolares por debajo del financiamiento que necessitan, ya que la asistencia internacional también ha disminuido, halló el informe.

The situation could even worsen if it is taken into account that diagnostic tests for HIV have decreased or even been suspended in many places with the arrival of Covid-19, which could have led to the decline of denossable numerados.

“La gente está exhausta de epidemicas y pandemias,” said Dr. Anthony Fauci, the principal expert of the American government for AIDS. “Tenemos que luchar al doble de intensidad para conseguir que el VIH vuelva a estar bajo la atención requiada, como debe ser”.

The troubling news comes at a moment when the International AIDS Conference will begin this week in Montreal, where encouraging scientific results will be reported. Entre los más sobresalientes están los siguientes:

—A man who lived with HIV for 30 years is in long-term remission and could be one of the few people in the world who are considered cured, thanks to a special transplant similar to the previous one.

This rigorous treatment is only an option for patients with HIV who also develop leukemia and need transplanted blood cells to combat cancer. Sucedió que la persona que le hizo la donacion a este hombre had a rare genetic mutation that makes the newly transplanted cells resistant to HIV.

The patient, now 66 years old, underwent transplantation in 2019. Soon after, the Covid-19 pandemic began and he decided to continue treatment with HIV until he was able to get vaccinated. Ahora ya lleva 17 meses sin medicinas contra el sida y no tiene indicios de VIH, dijo el miercoles la doctora Jana Dickter, de City of Hope, un centro de investigación contra el cáncer en California.

This has converted him into a patient of older age and who has lived longer with HIV and submitted to this potentially curative transplant. Los científicos confían en que estos casos raros brinden pistas que la larga contribuyan to mejorar la atención de más pacientes.

On the other hand, researchers from the University of Barcelona reported on Wednesday that a woman’s immune system appears to have maintained HIV at undetectable levels for 15 years. She formed part of a research study in 2006 that included some immune booster treatments, but she didn’t know why it worked so well.

— Según otro estudio difundido el miércoles, tomar un antibiotic después de tener relaciones sexuales sin protección reduces the possibilities of infectarse de gonorrhea, chlamydia o sífilis.

These sexual transmission diseases are caused by different types of bacteria. Son una amenaza every time mayor, en especial entre las personas que tienen VIH o que corren alto riesgo de contraerlo.

In Seattle and San Francisco, the researchers administered to study participants—gay and bisexual men, as well as transgénero women—the antibiotic doxycycline with the instruction to take a single dose of escuodors. sola dosis de escuodos de hombres de 7. Forgiveness of sexual sins. El riesgo de que se infectaran disminuyó más de 60% entre quienes atendieron la indicación, dijo la doctora Annie Luetkemeyer, de la Universidad de California, en San Francisco.

Before the experts recommend this strategy, they will need to know if they could aggravate the resistance to antibiotics, which would make it difficult to treat sexually transmitted diseases and other bacteria with which people are exposed. Los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades indicated that they will examine this aspect carefully, but publicaron en línea algunas precauciones para quienes considere utilizar la doxiciclina mientras tanto.

— The United Nations report showed that the struggle of public health authorities against HIV has become more difficult, but there are some positive aspects. The researchers reported on Wednesday that Botswana, which has been seen to be very affected by this virus, has already reached a crucial goal set for 2025: 95% of people infected with HIV have knowledge of it, 5% of it has debt. Tratamiento y más de 95% de los atendidos mostron indicios de que su carga viral está siendo suprimida.

Kavanagh praised Botswana for its great policy changes that “contributed to increasing the number of patients attended”, which includes the free supply of medicines against HIV, the realization of tests for the virus and the realization of viruses. persons of the same sex.

The executive director of UNAIDS, Winnie Byanyima, said that it is not too late to re-carry despite the ongoing economic crisis and Covid-19.

“Poner fin al sida costará mucho menos dinero que no hacerlo”, manifestó. “Las acciones necesarias para eradicar el sida también son cruciales para superar otras pandemias”.