¿Quién es Viktor Orbán y por qué es un líder admired por los conservadores en EU? – Meczyki

When a head of state visits the United States, generally one of his main activities is a reception at the White House. For the prime minister of Hungary Viktor Orbansin embargo, lo más destacado de su viaje será una Will present a conference before Donald Trump. y otros referentes de la derecha.

His presence in the Conferencia de Acción Política Conservadora (CAPC) is the manifestation that is most remarkable from the point of view un líder crítico por promover principios antidemocráticos It has passed to be admired by sectors of the Republican Party.

Orbán contuvo la immigración y frenó a quienes quieren una democracia europea moderate. Lo hizo tomando el control del aparato judicial y de la prensa, tras lo cual numerous annalistas internacionales lo consideraron el rostro de una nueva forma de authoritarianismo. Se lo acusa de nepotismo y corrupción, y de usar los resources del estado para enricher un círculo reducido de aliados politicos.

Ahura es elogiado por un movimiento conservador estadounidense that reproduces Trump’s lies that robbed him of the presidential elections of 2020, castigas those who wanted to be held accountable for the attack on January 6, 2021 on the Congress and the campaign. Many connoisseurs of Hungarian politics fear that republicans try to imitate Orbán’s tactics.

“The Trumpist sector of the Republican Party comes for rhetoric, but remains for autocracy,” said Kim L. Schepple, a sociologist at Princeton University who has studied Orbán. “Me preocupa el que la tracción de Orbán reflects aspects of the war culture at a superficial level and something more profound about how to avoid that the power changes hands”.

Los conservadores deny that and reject the notion that Orbán is authoritarian.

“Lo que nos gusta de él es que defiende la libertad de su pueblo en contra de la tyranía de la Unión Europea”, declared Matt Schlapp, Director of the CAPC, which meets in Dallas starting August 4. “Capta la atención de mucha gente, inclivos muchos estudiantes que temen por la declinación de la familia”.

For conservatives, the CAPC meeting is a mixture of Davos and Woodstock, a space where the great luminaries of this sector plan strategies, inspire others and make contacts. This same year the CAPC held its first meeting in Europe, in Hungary. There Schlapp invited Orbán to speak at the conference in Texas. Last year, Tucker Carlson, star of Fox News, transmitted his program from Budapest.

Orbán was prime minister of Hungary from 1998 to 2002. He returned to the government in 2010 and his administration was surrounded by controversies. Se declara abanderado de lo que describe como una “Liberal Democracy”, un defensor del cristianista europeo frente a los immigrantes musulmanes, los progressistas y el “lobby LGBTQ”.

His party has supported technocratic initiatives that have fallen very well to the right of the United States. Schlapp specified specifically a reducción de los taxes that women pay in Hungary for each son they have as a way to combat a decrease in population. But Orbán is more known for his postures osadas ante temas culturees delicados.

Su gobierno instaló un cerco de alambres de púas en la frontera sur de Hungría en el 2015 in response to a wave of refugees who escaped violence in Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq and other countries. Carlson visited the wall and offered it as a model for the United States.

Last year, the right-wing party of Orbán, Fidesz, prohibited the representation of topics such as homosexuality and the reassignment of sex in the media directed at persons under 18 years old, a measure that was passed by many people. It was also prohibited to talk about homosexuality in sexual education programs in schools, in films and in advertisements that have access to minors.

These policies distanced him from the European Union, which tried to contain some of his most anti-democratic tendencies. El bloque initiated numerous legal procedures against Hungary for violating its rules and currently it retains thousands of millions of dollars in funds and credits for violations of the legal framework and for not combating lacorcizarup.

Los Conflicos surgeron temprano en su gestioni. En el 2011, Fidesz used the two-thirds constitutional majority that had been obtained the previous year with a Victoria Electoral Abrumadora para modificar unilateralmente la constitution. Poco después coménzo a cavar las institucións y tomó medís para consolidarse en el poder, including una judicial reforma que le permitió cambiar la composition del aparato legale. También created a council of nine members, named by him, who supervised the press.

La organización Periodistas Sin Fronteras declared a Orbán un “Depredador de la libertad de prensa” last year He indicated that the Fidesz party had “captured control of 80 percent of the country’s media through political-economic maneuvers and the acquisition of noticiosos media by the oligarchs.”

concerned body y otros medias internacionales no tuvenon acceso a la conference de CAPC de Mayo, en la que Orbán dijo que Hungría era “un bastión de los valores cristianos conservadores en Europe”. También exhortó a los conservadores de Estados Unidos a doblegar “el dominio de los liberales progressives en la vida pública”.

The AP solicited an interview with Orbán when he visited Dallas last month, but the request was rejected. Su oficina de prensa said that the governor would be very busy.

Los analysts destacan que en Hungría no se perciben algunos de los elementos típicos de las autocracias. No hay tanks en las calles ni oppositores en la carcel.

Fidesz continues to win, helped by a reform that makes it very difficult to lose its banks in the legislature, in a process similar to that in the United States and that currently favors the republics, the legislative control of state affairs. que redistribuyen los distritos electorales.

However, some experts say that the almost total control that Orbán exercises over the country makes him a pioneer of a new form of anti-democratic government.

“Nunca vi una consolidación de un autócrata sin derramar una gota de sangre ni meter a nadie preso”, dijo Steven Levitsky, profesor de ciencias politicas de Harvard y autor de “Cómo mueren las democracies”.

Él y otros entendidos, no obstante, say that Orbán is an authoritarian because he uses the government to control the institutions of society.

For Peter Kreko, this visit to the United States “is the great opportunity (que tiene Orbán) to return to the international scene, because there are no many allies”.

Orbán did not seek to strengthen relations with the government of Joe Biden and would instead apostatize to a victory for Trump and his allies in the elections.

“It’s remarkable that Orbán has become so popular among conservatives in the United States when his image has deteriorated so much in the exterior,” said Kreko.