Statistics show that thousands of children are vulnerable to polio.

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Statistics show that thousands of children across England – and especially in London – are not completely immune to polio.

Official figures analyzed by the PA News Agency show that approximately 592,191 (85.3%) of the 693,928 five-year-olds in England received a polio booster by their fifth birthday in 2020/21. While 101,737 (14.7%) did not get polio.

About a third of all these unprotected five-year-olds were in London (34,105).

The regional percentage of five-year-olds who did not receive their booster ranged from 8.4% in north-east England to 27.4% in London.

In south-west England, 10.3% did not get their booster (usually given at the age of three years and four months), and in east England 10.4% did not.

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The figures were 10.8% in Yorkshire and Humber, 11.4% in the Southeast and 12.3% in the East Midlands.

According to the NHS Digital and the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA), the West Midlands, with 15.1 per cent, and the North West of England at 13.8 per cent did not benefit.

Separate figures from the UKHSA show that 502,247 out of 10 children aged 625,379 in England in the academic year 2020/21 received a teenage booster (80.3%), while 123,132 (19.7%) did not. ۔

Those who did not receive a teen booster had a regional disorder ranging from 16.1% in south-east England to 23.2% in the south-west.

More recent quarterly figures, from October to December 2021, show that approximately one-third of children in London did not receive a booster by the age of five, compared to one in 10 in the rest of England. Was more

It should come as no surprise that a virus derived from the polio vaccine was found in London’s sewage.

The figures come after the spread of the virus was detected in UK sewage samples, prompting people to make sure their polio vaccines were up-to-date.

Polio was detected during routine monitoring of sewage samples collected from Becton Sewage Treatment Works, which serves about four million people in north and east London.

Earlier, the virus was detected when a person returned from vaccinating abroad with the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) directly or went to the UK and briefly showed signs of the vaccine-like polio virus in his stool. ۔

However, in recent times the virus has evolved in England and is now classified as a “vaccine-derived” polio virus type 2 (VDPV2).

VDPV is a strain of the weakened poliovirus, initially included in the oral polio vaccine, which has changed over time and behaves like a “wild” or naturally occurring virus.

This means it can spread more easily to people who have not been vaccinated and who come in contact with an infected person’s stool or cough and sneeze.

A child is most likely to be infected

The UKHSA is working on the idea that a person who had received the polio vaccine abroad – possibly in Afghanistan, Pakistan or Nigeria – entered the UK in early 2022 and was spreading the virus.

The man has now passed it on to other close associates in north-east London, who are spreading the virus in their feces as a result.

Experts are looking at the possibility that only one family or extended family may be affected.

The UKHSA emphasized that the virus was only found in sewage samples and that no cases of stroke had been reported.

It is now investigating the extent of community transmission and has set up a “national event” to investigate cases elsewhere.

Professor David Salisbury, chairman of the World Health Organization’s Global Commission for Certification of Polio Eradication, said: “It should come as no surprise that the virus from the polio vaccine has been found in London’s sewers.

“It simply came to our notice then.

“Genetic mutations in the virus mean that it is circulating in individuals, possibly those who have been vaccinated with the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), as about 20 per cent in the UK’s immunization program. Used for years. “

Most people who are infected with polio have no symptoms, but some suffer from mild flu-like problems such as high temperature, extreme fatigue, headaches, vomiting, neck stiffness and muscle aches.

In one in 100 to 1000 infections, the polio virus attacks the spinal cord and base nerves of the brain and can cause paralysis.