Telmex y el futuro del mundo del trabajo – Meczyki

The recent conflict in Telmex that culminated with the outbreak of a strike last Friday and its subsequent lifting to negotiate the United Nations agreement between the union and the company, with the intermediation of the Secretaría del Trabajo, must be analyzed more, but not synthesized. The way it is reconfiguring the world of work in the new digital world.

The history of Telmex allows the country to count on a transparent account of how the so-called digital capitalism has evolved in Mexico and the consequences that this has had for the world of work. The history goes back to December 1947, when the company Telefónica de México (TELMEX) was created, when MEXTEL merged with the infrastructure and equipment of Ericsson. The proposal was that the company was responsible for proving the basic connectivity for a society in the process of industrialization. A key element for its evolution was the formation of the Syndicato de Telefonistas, which originated in August 1950 when the Syndicato de Trabajadores de Teléfonos de México and the Sindicato Nacional de Telefonicopañicías de Telefonistas merged. En este se integraron jóvenes ingenieros formed in diverse institutions of higher education, se embarcaron en la aventura telefónica. estableció una empresa dinámica con una fuerte interaction de los trabajadores from de Está Pharma.

In 1972, the government decided to acquire 51 percent of the company’s shares, becoming a majority shareholder of the company, allowing public resources to accelerate their growth. At the end of the seventies, digital technology was introduced based on the use of optical fiber as a multiple element of transmission and replacement of copper cables. The company became a highly profitable company, but it started to generate conflicts with the unionized workers, since the digitization process was realized through subcontracting, which led to the increase in tenerías of the tenería. los syndicalizados. En este entorno se generó UN conflicts con la empresa, la cual arguedó que los problemas de la empresa derivaban del sindicato, a lo cual respondieron los trabajadores de que estaban compromidos con el cambio y con la transformación de la conditiono de la conditiono trabajo in the field of telecommunications. With this position, the Mexican syndicalism promoted the transit to a new phase, one of compromise with modernization and change.

La corriente de privatizaciones de los 80 finales lelegó a Telmex en 1990, presentando para sus compradors una oportunidad de investment de excelencia. A great achievement in this process was maintaining the union as a strategic force for the modernization of the company and later, the collective labor contract as a guarantor of the rights acquired by the covered workers, giving force to the company for its total modernization. The United Nations reached an agreement between the union and the company to encourage a growing process of increase in productivity. Syndicalizados no diminumiría a lo largo del tiempo, por efectos del incremento de la productivity. En una primera etapa fue una gran aventura en donde empresa y sindicato construían la nueva realidad de telecomunicaciones digitales del país.

sin embargo, the company, instead of continuing to build on the basis of expanding cooperation with the syndicate, started to create new companies based on the profits generated by Telmex, undermining its expansion base. El avance hacia una mayor digitilización se dió en las nuevas empresas es como es el case de Telcel y América Movil. Todo esto debilitó las bases de expansion de Telmex, y su fondo de pensiones, a pesar de que antes, al concluir 2004, estaba ya al 100 por ciento de los calculos actuariales, a partir del año siguiente siguiente 1 el porociente el esporociente. de la masa del salario inegrado de los trabajadores activos, para que lo lo largo de las decades siguientes el fundo continuara fuerte y garantiando el futuro de sus trabajadores, sin embargo, la empresa no hizoacionesento en hizolasento de las decades ya sus pensionados. El camino hacia una mayor digitilización pareciera show the emergence of a business reorganization and where it is required to guarantee the rights of the workers of the declining companies and to assure that they will count superiors in the future. It is the responsibility of the State to guarantee these rights. It is required that the labor authorities establish the bases of this new reality, with the aim of guaranteeing a flexible process, but at the same time preserve the rights of the workers. preserve. en las economías europeas. Se requiere que las authorities laborales evaluate this dynamic and design new schemes to avoid that workers are affected by this new digital reality, and where companies require agility for sue garoso en sucrédos, and where companies require agility no profección. There is no magic formula, it requires negotiations that help build a new digital reality, guaranteeing the rights of workers. Estamos entrando a una nueva fase del desarrollo: la del capitalismo digital, requirimos rediseñar las institutions a esta nueva realidad.