The summit and the failure of bad omens – El Financiero

Federal Deputy for the LXIV Legislative Assembly

After five years without taking place on November 18, the IX summit of North American leaders took place. The roadmap from the meeting, which describes the meaning and scope of the Joint Declaration, sets out important objectives that will involve efforts by the United States, Canada and Mexico in a kind of fresh start of regional integration.

With regard to health, measures are proposed such as vaccine donations, joint preparations for health threats, strengthening medical supply chains and responding to crises such as those arising from opioid consumption.

In the economic field, it is proposed to meet the challenge of recovery after COVID-19, protection of workers’ rights, strengthening of sustainable, versatile and secure supply chains, improvement of regulatory practices and digital connectivity, among others.

The fight against climate change was another of the mandatory topics. The presidents agreed to work to establish a North American commitment to methane and black coal, to support other nations’ efforts on the continent through diplomatic channels and to work together to increase the use of renewable energy.

In the same vein, leaders promised to promote policies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and support the transition to zero-emission vehicles. They also agreed to develop policies to achieve zero deforestation and to support indigenous peoples’ knowledge and practices.

In one of the most complex areas, progress was made on the need to address the root causes of migration and forced relocation, in addition to strengthening asylum systems and refugee programs and improving the fight against human trafficking.

Towards a regional pact on migration, it was agreed to promote ways of labor mobility, such as the extension of visas for temporary staff.

While the world, as an effect of the pandemic, is living a rebirth of nationalist impulses, the summit shows political will and high spirits: together we will do better, that is the motto.

In the field of regional security, a set of objectives was confirmed involving cooperation between nations to combat human trafficking, defense and regional security.

The complex and far-reaching agenda must continue to be discussed at specific meetings so that the commitments can become a reality.

For our country, such an agenda represents the opportunity to take advantage of a huge market and the opportunity to continue to attract investments that, among other things, make it possible to generate formal and well-paid jobs, in a scenario that President López Obrador clearly described when he said that “Economic integration between nations will face competition stemming from growth in other regions of the world, particularly China’s commercial expansion. “

On the road to putting coincidences before differences, some controversial issues – such as the proposal for electricity reform, the American immigration reform or the role of Canadian mining companies – were left off the table.

The results of the regional summit are good news for our country, while a new setback for analysts who have not found anyone since López Obrador took office and repeatedly predicted a catastrophe in the bilateral relationship with our country’s powerful neighbor.

Since the end of 2018, the bilateral relationship with the United States, which is complex in itself and requires putting the best of politics and diplomacy into play, has a new stage. From the Mexican side, the decision was to give greater weight to the points of agreement on disputes and to seek material solutions to long-standing problems, always with respect for the sovereignty of each nation. Nothing more, but nothing less.


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