Three more ships carrying thousands of tons of grain departed Ukrainian ports on Friday, including one bound for Ireland.
Her latest sign is that a truce agreement for exports of grain stuck since Russia invaded Ukraine nearly six months ago is progressing slowly, but there are major obstacles to getting food to the countries it needs most. more is needed.
The ships bound for Ireland, the United Kingdom and Turkey followed the first grain shipments to pass through the Black Sea since the start of the war.
The Panama-flagged Navistar left Odessa for Ireland with 33,000 tonnes of grain to be received by Irish grain and animal feed company R&H Hall.
A spokesperson for the company said: “R&H Hall can confirm that they will receive 33,000 tonnes of cargo at the ports of Foynes and Dublin upon their arrival.
“As a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, until an agreement was secured, no ships were allowed to depart Black Sea ports from 24 February, the day the war began.
“The commencement of sailings from the Black Sea by ships such as the Navi Star is the first step in returning some degree of certainty to the global food supply chain, which remains a volatile situation.
“We are waiting for Navi Star to arrive at the port in about two weeks.”
The vessel’s en route to Lebanon earlier this week was the first under successful deals signed by Turkey and the United Nations with Russia and Ukraine.
The Black Sea region has been called the world’s breadbasket, with Ukraine and Russia being major global suppliers of wheat, corn, barley and sunflower oil, which millions of poor people in Africa, the Middle East and parts of Asia rely on to survive. Huh.
Experts say the shipment has raised hopes of easing the global food crisis, but much of the grain Ukraine is trying to export is used for animal feed, not for people to eat.
The first ships to leave are among more than a dozen bulk carriers and cargo ships that were loaded with grain but stuck in ports since Russia’s invasion in late February.
And the cargo is not expected to have a significant impact on the global price of corn, wheat and soybeans for a number of reasons.
For starters, exports under the deal are off to a slow, cautious start due to the threat of explosive mines floating off Ukraine’s Black Sea coast.
And while Ukraine is a major exporter of wheat to developing countries, there are other countries, such as the United States and Canada, with higher production levels that could affect global wheat prices. And they face the threat of drought.
“Ukraine accounts for about 10 percent of international wheat trade, but not even 5 percent in terms of production,” said David Laborde, an expert in agriculture and trade at the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington.
Three ships sailed on Friday with more than 58,000 tonnes of corn, but that is still a fraction of the 20 million tonnes of grain that Ukraine says is stuck in the country’s silos and ports and is slated for this year’s harvest. Must be sent out to make room. ,
About 6 million tonnes of stranded grain contains wheat, but only half of that is for human consumption, Mr Laborde said.
One expects Ukraine to produce 30pc to 40pc less grain in the coming 12 months due to the war, although other estimates put that figure at 70pc.
Grain prices peaked after the Russian invasion, and while some have returned to their pre-war levels, they are still higher than they were before the COVID-19 pandemic.
Corn prices are 70 pc higher than at the end of February 2020, said Jonathan Haines, senior analyst at data and analytics firm Grow Intelligence. He said that the wheat prices are almost 60 per cent higher than in February 2020.
One reason for the high prices is the effects of drought on crops in North America, China and other regions, as well as the high price of fertilizers needed for farming.
“When fertilizer prices are high, farmers can use less fertilizer. And when they use less fertilizer, they will produce less. And if they produce less, the supply will remain insufficient,” said Mr Laborde.
Three ships that left Ukraine on Friday expressed hope that exports would reach developing countries, where many face a growing threat of food shortages and hunger.
“The overnight movement of three additional ships is a very positive sign and will continue to instill confidence that we are moving in the right direction,” Mr Haynes said.
“If grain flows from Ukraine continue, it will help to overcome global supply bottlenecks.”
The Turkish-flagged Polarnet, carrying 12,000 tons of corn, departed from the port of Chornomorsk destined for Karasu, Turkey.
The Panama-flagged Navi Star left the port of Odessa for Ireland with 33,000 tons of corn. The United Nations said that the Maltese-flagged Rosen left Kornomorsk for the United Kingdom carrying more than 13,000 tons of corn.
It said the Joint Coordination Center – overseeing the deal signed in Istanbul last month by officials from Ukraine, Russia, Turkey and the United Nations – authorized three ships and inspected one ship for Ukraine.
The Fulmar S, with the flag of Barbados, was inspected in Istanbul and is on its way to the port of Chornomorsk.
The Czechs try to ensure that outgoing cargo ships carry only grain, fertilizer or food and no other items and that incoming ships do not carry weapons.
Ukrainian pilot ships with ships for safe passage due to scattered explosive mines in the Black Sea.
Turkey, which has ties with both Russia and Ukraine, helped broker a food deal two weeks ago President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin on Friday in Sochi, Russia.
The meeting follows a face-to-face meeting between the two leaders in Iran three weeks ago.
With reporting from PA.