Here is the timeline of the tragic case of 12-year-old Archie Battersby:
– 7 April 2022
Archie was found unconscious by his mother Holly Dance at their home in Southend, Essex. He has a lectern around his neck, leading him to believe he is participating in an online challenge gone wrong. The boy was taken to hospital with traumatic head injuries.
– April 26
Barts Health NHS Trust, which is responsible for Archie’s care at the Royal London Hospital, launches High Court proceedings seeking to have the brain stem tested – which are responsible for keeping people alive. – and to withdraw mechanical ventilation.
Doctors believe it is “highly likely” the young man is effectively dead, and say it is in his best interests for life support treatment to be stopped. Archie’s parents, Holly Dance and Paul Battersby, expressed concern.
– May 13
High Court judge Mrs Justice Arbuthnot ruled that a brainstem test would be in Archie’s best interests.
– May 16
Two experts tried nerve stimulation tests on Archie, but there was no response.
– June 6-8
Mrs Justice Arbuthnot, sitting in the Family Division of the High Court, oversees three days of evidence and arguments regarding Archie’s treatment. Doctors believe it is “very likely” that he is “brain stem dead”. Lawyers representing Archie’s family say his heart is still beating and they want care to continue.
– June 13
Mrs Justice Arbuthnot said Archie was dead and said doctors could legally stop treating him. Archie’s family say they plan to appeal.
– June 20
Ms Dance and Mr Battersby have been granted leave to appeal the decision.
– June 29
At a later hearing, three appeal judges ruled that the evidence on Archie’s best interests should be reconsidered by a different High Court judge. Archie’s parents say they are “delighted” with the decision.
– July 11
High Court judge Mr Justice Hayden heard evidence from doctors that continuing Archie’s treatment would only cause “inevitable delay”. But the boy’s mother says her son is a “natural born fighter” and urges doctors to continue caring for him.
– July 15
Mr Justice Hayden ruled in favor of the hospital trust, saying the medical evidence was “compelling and unanimous” and painted a “bleak” picture. He added: “There can be no hope of recovery.” Archie’s parents say they will ask Court of Appeal judges to overturn Mr Justice Hayden’s decision.
Sir Andrew MacFarlane, president of the High Court’s Family Division and the most senior family court judge in England and Wales, told Lady Justice King and Lord Justice Peter Jackson during the two-day hearing that medical evidence showed Archie ” Unconscious”.
– July 25
Three appeals judges ruled that doctors could legally stop giving Archie life-support treatment. Again, the family announced plans to appeal to the European Court of Human Rights.
Archie’s family failed to persuade the Supreme Court to intervene in the matter.
– July 29
Undaunted, the family made a “last ditch” appeal to the UN committee to step in.
– July 31
The hospital treating Archie says his treatment is to be withdrawn at 2pm on August 1. However, it has been confirmed that the Court of Appeal has granted a virtual hearing for August 1 at 11am after the UK government requested that the UN committee continue its treatment. asked for “immediate consideration” so that the committee could examine his case.
– August 1st
The appeals court rejected the request to stop Archie’s treatment. He says her life support care will end the next day at noon.
– 2 August
Archie’s parents have been refused permission to appeal the latest decision to the Supreme Court. Ms Dance says Barts Health NHS Trust will begin withdrawing Archie’s life support at 11am on August 3 unless the family submits an application to the European Court of Human Rights by 9am that day. The trust will not begin removing life support until all legal issues are resolved.
– August 3
The European Court of Human Rights rejected the last-ditch appeal. Archie’s family say they want to ask the High Court to allow the schoolboy to be shifted to a hospice.
– August 4
Almost four months after Archie suffered a traumatic head injury, his parents formally filed High Court proceedings to move him into hospice care – which the hospital opposes. Archie’s care continues. A hearing takes place at the Royal Court of Justice in London, which continues into the evening.
– August 5
Mrs Justice Theis says it is not in Archie’s best interests to be moved to a hospice. A High Court judge refused to allow the family to appeal his decision, adjourning Archie’s withdrawal from treatment until 2pm on Friday so they could go directly to the Court of Appeal.
In refusing leave to appeal, the Court of Appeal judges said Mrs Justice Theis’s decision “dealt comprehensively with each of the points raised by the parents” and said the proposed appeal had “no chance of success”. no chance”.
A bid by the European Court of Human Rights, arguing that the High Court’s decision violated the European Convention on Human Rights, also fails.
Campaign group Christian Concern says Archie’s family have been told his life support will be withdrawn at 10am on Saturday.
– August 6
Ms Dance, Archie’s mother, told reporters outside the hospital that her son died at 12.15pm on Saturday.
She said she was “the proudest mum in the world”, adding: “He was such a beautiful little boy and he fought until the end, and I’m so proud to be his mum.”